Original Research

The importance of water as a basic need for economic development in Region 23

L. A. van Wyk, W. Viviers
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 6, No 1 | a937 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v6i1.937 | © 1987 L. A. van Wyk, W. Viviers | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 March 1987 | Published: 17 March 1987

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L. A. van Wyk,, South Africa
W. Viviers,, South Africa

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The economic developmental potential of region 23 is to be found mainly in the field of the primary sector. Future development in the agricultural sector is dependent upon large volumes of water. To realise the developmental potential of Region 23 is essential that a reconciliation be affected between the demand for water by the various consumers, and the availability of groundwater and surface water resources. From the balance sheets compiled for the years 1970, 1980 and 2000, it appears that Region 23 already experienced water shortages in 1970. Should supplementation from local sources not take place, more water will have to be withdrawn from the Vaal River, which can present serious problems. As a result of water shortages in Region 23 priorities have to be determined according to how much water will be allocated to various consumers with due regard being given to the strategic value of certain products. Economic development in Region 23 demands large volumes of water as a basic need, and measures to create a reconciliation between supply and demand should receive urgent attention.


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