Original Research: Food

The influence of sedentary and active work environments on wellness

Peet du Toit, Lee-Anne Naicker, Evangeline Nortje, Michael Kleynhans, Ronél Ferreira, Gerda Gericke
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 32, No 1 | a768 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v32i1.768 | © 2013 Peet du Toit, Lee-Anne Naicker, Evangeline Nortje, Michael Kleynhans, Ronél Ferreira, Gerda Gericke | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 August 2013 | Published: 28 October 2013

About the author(s)

Peet du Toit, Department of Human Physiology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, Associate of the Institute for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Lee-Anne Naicker, Department of Human Physiology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, Associate of the Institute for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Evangeline Nortje, Department of Human Physiology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, Associate of the Institute for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Michael Kleynhans, Department of Human Physiology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, Associate of the Institute for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Ronél Ferreira, Department of Educational Psychology, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Gerda Gericke, Department of Human Nutrition, Associate of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being, University of Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

The concept of wellness has changed over the decades with the ever-changing lifestyle of society as it adapts to technological advances. The contemporary view is that wellness is the primary responsibility of the individual and is accomplished by practising health-promoting behaviour. There are various factors that contribute to wellness in the sense of an individual’s long-term sense of overall well-being. One of the most essential factors is physical activity, and there is a large body of research that explores the benefits of a physically active lifestyle. This article is based on the assumption that the most accurate way to measure these benefits are to compare an active with a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this review is to clarify the concept of wellness and highlight the benefits of a physically active working environment as opposed to the disadvantages of a sedentary environment in attaining overall wellbeing.

Keywords

algehele welstand; sedentêre lewenstyl; aktiewe lewenstyl; fisieke aktiwiteit; bevordering van Gesondheid

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