Research Letter

Transient voltage sharing in series-coupled high voltage switches

Editorial Office
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 11, No 1 | a517 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v11i1.517 | © 1992 Editorial Office | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 July 1992 | Published: 08 July 1992

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Editorial Office,, South Africa

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Abstract

For switching voltages in excess of the maximum blocking voltage of a switching element (for example, thyristor, MOSFET or bipolar transistor) such elements are often coupled in series - and additional circuitry has to be provided to ensure equal voltage sharing. Between each such series element and system ground there is a certain parasitic capacitance that may draw a significant current during high-speed voltage transients. The "open" switch is modelled as a ladder network. Analy­sis reveals an exponential progression in the distribution of the applied voltage across the elements. Overstressing thus oc­curs in some of the elements at levels of the total voltage that are significantly below the design value. This difficulty is overcome by grading the voltage sharing circuitry, coupled in parallel with each element, in a prescribed manner, as set out here.

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