Original Research: Mathematics Education

The development of mathematical creativity through model-eliciting activities

Helena M. Wessels
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 31, No 1 | a372 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v31i1.372 | © 2012 Helena M. Wessels | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 June 2012 | Published: 29 November 2012

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Helena M. Wessels, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa


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Abstract

The ability to think creatively and solve problems is regarded as crucial for economic and personal success. The traditional approach in classrooms is not conducive to mathematical creativity, and prospective teachers should be exposed to alternative problem solving activities through which mathematical knowledge, competencies and creativity can be developed. Research studies have pointed out the possibilities and successes of a modelling approach in which complex, open problems or model-eliciting problems are used to develop meaningful mathematical knowledge and prepare learners for everyday life, as well as for tertiary studies and their occupations. Model-eliciting activities (MEAs) do not only develop mathematical knowledge, but also creativity. Five hundred and one preservice Foundation Phase teachers completed different model-eliciting activities (MEAs) in a longitudinal project over a period of two years. The purpose was to develop and consolidate their own mathematical knowledge, and at the same time develop creativity and modelling competencies. The ultimate purpose of the project is to prepare preservice teachers to use mathematical modelling to develop creativity in young children aged six to nine. Through solving MEAs learners also build and consolidate their mathematical knowledge and improve their own problem-solving abilities. A framework with four criteria for the identification of creativity was successfully used to evaluate levels of creativity in the solutions offered to the MEAs. Preservice teachers’ final models displayed reasonably consistent levels of creativity regarding the four criteria. Their willingness to solve MEAs and create multiple, original and useful – therefore creative – solutions also increased over the period of their exposure to modelling tasks.

Keywords

wiskundige kreatiwiteit; onderwysstudente; wiskundige modellering; model-ontlokkende aktiwiteite; MOA’s, oop take; lewenswerklike wiskunde probleme, reflekterende abstraksie

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