Original Research

Physiognomy in Graeco-Roman times

François Retief, Louise Cilliers
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 22, No 1 | a205 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v22i1.205 | © 2003 François Retief, Louise Cilliers | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 September 2003 | Published: 26 September 2003

About the author(s)

François Retief, Navorsingsgenoot, Universiteit van die Vrystaat, South Africa
Louise Cilliers,, South Africa

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Abstract

Physiognomy, the discipline which endeavours to deduce from individuals’ exterior features their character, disposition, even destiny, originated in Pre-Socratic times. In this article the development of physiognomy in the Graeco-Roman era is reviewed, with emphasis on seminal publications like the pseudo-Aristotelean Physiognomonica (3rd century BC), Polemon’s works (2nd century AD) and the so-called Anonymus Latinus (4th century AD). Its general impact on society and on the arts, literature and rhetorical techniques in particular is revisited, as well as its connections with medicine and mantic disciplines.


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