Original Research

Activity patterns of brown bears (Ursus arctos) on the Deosai Plateau, northern Pakistan

M. A. Nawaz, O. B. Kok
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 23, No 3 | a194 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v23i3.194 | © 2004 M. A. Nawaz, O. B. Kok | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 September 2004 | Published: 23 September 2004

About the author(s)

M. A. Nawaz, Himalaja Natuurstigting, Sentrum Een, Straat 15, F-7/2 Islamabad, Pakistan, South Africa
O. B. Kok, Departement Dierkunde en Entomologie, Universiteit van die Vrystaat, South Africa

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The daily activity of Himalayan brown bears (Ursus arctos) in the Deosai National Park, northern Pakistan, was investigated over a period of four years (1993-1995 and 1999). Bears spent the largest part of the day feeding, followed by moving about. Resting and other activities combined formed a substantial part of the diurnal schedule. No significant difference in the daily time budget of males and females could be demonstrated, but subadults were found to move about significantly more than either adults or cubs and yearlings. Aberrant activity patterns observed during the summer of 1999 can be attributed to human disturbances caused by the Kargil war between India and Pakistan.


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Crossref Citations

1. Pragmatic management increases a flagship species, the Himalayan brown bears, in Pakistan’s Deosai National Park
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Biological Conservation  vol: 141  issue: 9  first page: 2230  year: 2008  
doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2008.06.012