Original Research

A pharmacochemic investigation of Gomphrena celosioides (Amaranthaceae)

S. Botha, L. M. van der Vijver
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 5, No 1 | a975 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v5i1.975 | © 1986 S. Botha, L. M. van der Vijver | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 March 1986 | Published: 17 March 1986

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S. Botha,, South Africa
L. M. van der Vijver,, South Africa

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A chemical and biological screen was performed on Gomphrena celosioides (Amaranthaceae) known as prostrate globe amaranth. Chemical tests showed the presence of saponins, steroids, phenolic substances, flavonoids, amino acids, sugars and betacyanins in the plant. The roots exhibited a weak antibacterial activity against three Gram positive bacteria. An action on the autonomic nervous system of rats was shown by all the plant parts, when tested by the method of Malone and Robichaud. Sympathetic and parasympathetic symptoms were observed.


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