Original Research

Orientation and navigation in birds

H. Bouwman
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 17, No 1 | a685 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v17i1.685 | © 1998 H. Bouwman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 July 1998 | Published: 11 July 1998

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H. Bouwman,, South Africa

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Abstract

How birds orientate and navigate over long distances, remains one of the subjects of ornithology eliciting much interest. Birds use combinations of different sources of information to find direction and position. Some of these are the geomagnetic field, celestial bodies, mosaic and gradient maps, sound, smell, idiotetic information and others. Different species use different combinations of sources. This ability is partially inherent and partially learned.

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