Original Research

The interaction between ocean and atmosphere: a review

J. R. E. Lutjeharms
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie | Vol 4, No 3 | a1041 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/satnt.v4i3.1041 | © 1985 J. R. E. Lutjeharms | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 March 1985 | Published: 18 March 1985

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J. R. E. Lutjeharms,, South Africa

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Abstract

The atmosphere and the ocean may, from a functional point of view, be regarded as forming a coupled entity. They interact on a wide spatial range, from the molecular to the global. The necessity of considering the ocean and the atmosphere as a coupled system is illustrated most effectively if the interaction between them is studied insofar as it affects climate. This is done here by discussing the problem of an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide, the influence of sea surface temperatures on the weather and the global El Nino/Southern Oscillation phenomenon. In conclusion mention is made of South African research in this connection.

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